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考研英语作文(五)图表作文内容构架

2020-08-12 17:41 来源:网络

考研英语作文(五)图表作文内容构架

1、第一段:第一句分析图表中数据变化所反映的问题,也就是图表下面的标题;第二(和第三句)概述图表所揭示的数据信息。 
第一句:
(1)As is vividly demonstrated /illustrated in the chart above, __________________________.
(2)What looks abundantly clear in this chart is that __________________.
(3)The pie chart above clearly illustrates the ______________________. 
第二和第三句:
概述图表所揭示的数据信息,也就是描述图表中的数据以及变化趋势。 
常用的描述变化的词语有:

  上升 下降
一般 increase,  rise, grow,  jump decline,  drop,  decrease,  diminish
激烈 soar,  rocket,  surge,  leap plumb,  plunge,  slump

常用的表示程度的副词有:
轻微  slightly,   modestly,  slowly,  steadily
显著  considerably,  remarkably,  significantly
极为显著  dramatically,  sharply
 
表示范围或时间的词有:
在……范围内 range from … to … 价格不稳定,从10美元到100美元不等。
The price is unstable, raging from 10$ to 100$.
在……期间 during/over the period from… to… 发展中国家的手机用户数量从2004年到2008年加速增长。
during/over the period between …and… The figures of mobile-phone subscribers in developing countries accelerated considerably from 2004 to 2008.
整个时期内 throughout 发达国家的手机用户数量在8年期间里几乎是持平的。
The figures of mobile-phone subscribers in developed countries was almost flat throughout the eight years.
从……开始 from … onwards 从1900年开始,物种灭绝的速度开始上升。
From the 1900 onwards, the rate of wildlife extinction started to increase remarkably.
在……范围内 range from … to … 价格不稳定,从10美元到100美元不等。
The price is unstable, raging from 10$ to 100$.
在……期间 during/over the period from… to… 发展中国家的手机用户数量从2004年到2008年加速增长。
during/over the period between …and… The figures of mobile-phone subscribers in developing countries accelerated considerably from 2004 to 2008.
整个时期内 throughout 发达国家的手机用户数量在8年期间里几乎是持平的。
The figures of mobile-phone subscribers in developed countries was almost flat throughout the eight years.
从……开始 from … onwards 从1900年开始,物种灭绝的速度开始上升。
From the 1900 onwards, the rate of wildlife extinction started to increase remarkably.
 
其它常用词语:

 
中文表达 英文表达 例 句
大约 about, around, or so, just about, approximately,  almost,  nearly 世界吸烟人口大约有11亿,占总人口的约20%。
The number of smokers in the world is almost 1.1 billion, which accounts for about 20% of the total.
多于; more than;  less than 国产轿车占据25%以上的市场份额。
少于 A market share of more than 25% belongs to domestic car brands.
高于; over, above;  below 到2010年,乡村人口已经降到了700万以下。
低于 By 2010, the rural population has decreased below 7 million.
2
2、第二段:分析造成这一问题或趋势的原因,也就是分析原因。
(1) What triggers this phenomenon? It is not difficult to come up with a considerable number of factors to account for this phenomenon, but the most crucial ones are as follows.
(2) It is of no difficulty for us to come up with some factors responsible for these changes.
(3) The phenomenon that ______________________ may be rooted in the following reasons.
(4) It is no easy task to identify the reasons for this phenomenon which involves several complicated factors.
(5) Some reasons can explain this trend.
原因分析段核心词汇总结:
due to;  be contribute to;  account for;  be a consequence of…;stem from;owning to;  thanks to;  on the ground of;  as a result of;  in view of
3.第三段:展望未来或得出结论;采取措施。
(1) After what we have discussed above, we can easily come to the conclusion that_________.
(2) Taking into account what has been argued so far, we may predict that ________.
(3) As the society further develops, the trend in the chart is bound to continue for years in the forthcoming future.
(4) It is essential / indispensable that effective measures should be taken to reverse this trend.
(5) It is high time that we took effective measures and steps to fight against the phenomena mirrored/reflected by the chart.

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